Step method to draw the Lewis dot structure of Phosphate ion, PO4 -3.
Step 1: Find valence e- for all atoms. Add them together.
*Add 3 electrons since the molecule has 3- charge on it.
Step 2: Find octet e- for each atom and add them together.
Step 3: Gives you bonding e-. Subtract step 1 total from step 2
Step 4: Find number of bonds by diving the number in step 3 by 2(because each bond is made of 2 e-)
8e-/2= 4 bond pairs
Step 5: Find the number of nonbonding (lone pairs) e-. Subtract step 3 number from step 1.
32-8= 24e-=12 lone pair
Use information from step 4 and 5 to draw the lewis structure.
Phosphorous goes in the centre.
Lewis dot structure of PO43-
Alternatively a dot method can be used to draw the lewis structure.
Calculate the total valence electrons in the molecule.
Put phosphorous in center and arrange oxygen atoms on the sides.Arrange electrons until each atom get 8 electrons.
Want a good tutorial on how to draw Lewis dot structures? Go to Lewis Dot Structure Tutorial
Here are all of the molecules that we do an in-depth Lewis structure analysis on: